Mongolian Culture and Heritage
The culture of the Central Asian steppes expresses itself vividly in the lifestyle of the traditional nomadic practices. Mongolian culture has been in practice in the nomadic life and traditions surrounding the nomad’s home (Ger) and it is clearly present in religious celebrations, national festivals, art and crafts, music and dance, language and literature and those are intangible cultural heritages of Mongolia.
Mongolia is a country of invaluable cultural properties and intangible cultural heritages of humanity which have been kept or practiced for thousands of years.
The traditional architecture of the Mongols differed strongly from that of the settled peoples of Asia and other continents. Centuries ago, there appeared the GER, known as yurt which still offers shelter to nomads in the particular places of central Asia. Its development and fundamental principles are determined by the specific features of the way of life of Mongol tribes which made it necessary to evolve a light and collapsible structure to be used as dwelling or for public functions.
MONGOLIAN is the language of the most population of Mongolia and of inner Mongolia. By origin it is one of the languages of Mongolian group of the Altaic family and the history of Mongolian language is long and complex. Today the Mongolian-speaking nations have the following literary languages.
The Mongols have practiced several religions, of which Shamanism and Buddhism were the most common. The faith in Mongolia is Buddhism, though State and religion have been separated during socialist period, but with the transition to the parliamentary republic in the 1990s there has been a general revival of faiths.
The art and crafts of Mongolia developed over the centuries which stretches from prehistoric ancient rock art of Paleolithic and Neolithic times to present-day.
From the ancient times the territory of Mongolia had been inhabitad by different tribes and people, superseding, and assimilating with each other, and at times, disappearing forever. But the arts, crafts and their trade have been passed down from one generation to another leaving behind deep impressions on all facets of the mode of life, conscious, aesthetic and philosophical thinking.
Music is an integral part of Mongolian culture. Among the unique contributions of Mongolia to the world's musical culture are the long songs, overtone singing, and morin khuur, the horse-headed fiddle. The music of Mongolia is also rich with varieties related to the various ethnic groups of the country. Among the most popular forms of modern music in Mongolia are Western pop and rock genres and the mass songs, which are written by modern authors in a form of folk songs.
It is famously known as that horses play a large role in the daily and national life of the Mongols and said that “A Mongol without a horse is like a bird without wings”, and “Mongols are born on horseback”, this is arguably true words. It is clearly seen in today’s Mongolia; a horse-based culture is still practicing by nomadic Mongolians.