Mongolian People and Nomads
Mongol Nomads – people who live lifestyle that runs for generations
Because of the eternal blue dome hanging over endless steppes, from the ancient times Mongols refer to their motherland as "Blue Mongolia." Even nowadays, old women will splash into air at the morning dawn a bit of freshly brewed tea with milk as an offering to the Blue Sky and the Mother Nature.
About 40 percent of the population continue to live traditional nomadic lifestyle tending more than 34.0 million livestock. However, at heart, every Mongolian is a nomad. Animal husbandry remains a backbone of the national economy, providing 20 percent of the world's cashmere production.
The nomads' life changed very little since old days and Mongolia remains the last refuge of the pastoral nomadism, preserving and continuing the traditional cultural heritage of the many nomadic nations that once flourished on the present day territory of Mongolia.
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Herding families constantly move with their cattle, sheep or horses towards fresh pastures across country as well as do shorter journeys up and down the mountain valleys - a lifestyle that continues for centuries.
HERDING ANIMALS - Mongolian herding economy depends on the horse, cattle, camel, sheep and goat and they are called as “five kinds of herding animals”. These provide nomads with food and drink, transport, raw materials such as felt to cover their gers, leather for harness, boots and household items, and wool and cashmere for sale.